Raphael Sanzio Most Popular Paintings
Raphael Sanzio Paintings
Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino, better known as Raphael, was born in either March or April in 1483 in Urbino, Marche. An Italian painter, Raphael was admired greatly for his ability to transform a person into a painting using the Neoplatonic ideal. Raphael paintings are ranked in greatest alongside Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo -- the three of these masters of art personally influenced one another during this time period.
Raphael's mother and father died by the time he was 11 leaving him as an orphan to a guardian who was also his uncle and a priest. However, Raphael had already exhibited natural-born talent as an artist and was working as an apprentice. One of his earliest drawings, a self-portrait he completed while a teen, exhibits his abilities as a draftsman. While working in the Perugino workshop, Raphael began to be considered a master, as he was fully trained by 1501. He began commissioning art and painting professionally at this time.
As an artist, Raphael was one of the most productive of his time, which is quite the accomplishment since he passed away at 37. Today his art can be found at The Vatican in the Apostolic Palace, as well as the Stanza Della Segnatura with the painting known as The School of Athens. Raphael was self-designed and he focused on perfecting his art through drawings and sketches. Another aspect of art -- printmaking -- was equally as representative of Raphael's art.
The first commissioned work known from Raphael was at the church of St. Nicholas of Tolentino; it was the Baronci altarpiece, one of many altarpieces he would paint during his lifetime. Other churches sought out the artwork of Raphael, and he also painted "Mond Crucifixion," the Wedding of the Virgin, and the Oddi Altarpiece. He also delved in the work of cabinet paintings, which included Madonnas and portraits, such as the Portrait of Pope Julius II, Portrait of Baldassare Castiglione, and the Portrait of Francesco Maria I Della Rovere.
Raphael was considered a nomad who traveled throughout northern Italy. However, he was highly influenced by Florence and the frescos of Perugia. Also, during this time, Leonardo da Vinci was working in the area and Raphael shows the influence of competition against this master painter. Other works by Raphael during this time include The Holy Family, Saint Catherine of Alexandria, Deposition of Christ, the Sistine Madonna, and The Ecstasy of St. Cecilia and. However, it wasn't until his final work, Transfiguration, which was not completed at the time of his death, that Raphael showed his precise potential and full artistic strength as a master painter.
Raphael paintings continue to inspire and illicit strong feelings of art collectors and casual observers all over the world. In spite of his short life, which was cut short due to complications related to supposedly a long night of feverish sex with his mistress, Raphael is considered one of the greatest painters of all time. In addition to the other masters of the Renaissance, including Leonardo and Michaelangelo, Raphael's paintings left more than his mark on the religious and social worlds.