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Surrealism - Surrealist

Surrealism - Surrealist Paintings

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Abstracto painting reproduction, Roberto Sebastian Echaurren Matta
Amorous Parade painting reproduction, Francis Picabia
Borderline between Mexico and the United States painting reproduction, Frida Kahlo
Abstracto
Roberto Sebastian Echaurren Matta
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Amorous Parade
Francis Picabia
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Borderline between Mexico and the United States
Frida Kahlo
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Diego and Frida painting reproduction, Frida Kahlo
Diego and I painting reproduction, Frida Kahlo
Diego in My Thoughts painting reproduction, Frida Kahlo
Diego and Frida
Frida Kahlo
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Diego and I
Frida Kahlo
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Diego in My Thoughts
Frida Kahlo
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Dona Rosita Morillo painting reproduction, Frida Kahlo
Flower of Life painting reproduction, Frida Kahlo
Four Inhabitants of Mexico painting reproduction, Frida Kahlo
Dona Rosita Morillo
Frida Kahlo
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Flower of Life
Frida Kahlo
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Four Inhabitants of Mexico
Frida Kahlo
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Frida and Diego Rivera painting reproduction, Frida Kahlo
From Green to White painting reproduction, Yves Tanguy
Fruit of the Earth painting reproduction, Frida Kahlo
Frida and Diego Rivera
Frida Kahlo
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From Green to White
Yves Tanguy
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Fruit of the Earth
Frida Kahlo
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Girl with Death Mask painting reproduction, Frida Kahlo
Isola in Diapers painting reproduction, Frida Kahlo
Itzcuintli Dog with Me painting reproduction, Frida Kahlo
Girl with Death Mask
Frida Kahlo
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Isola in Diapers
Frida Kahlo
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Itzcuintli Dog with Me
Frida Kahlo
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Marxim Will Give Health to the Sick painting reproduction, Frida Kahlo
Me and My Doll painting reproduction, Frida Kahlo
Me and My Parrots painting reproduction, Frida Kahlo
Marxim Will Give Health to the Sick
Frida Kahlo
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Me and My Doll
Frida Kahlo
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Me and My Parrots
Frida Kahlo
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Memory painting reproduction, Frida Kahlo
Moses painting reproduction, Frida Kahlo
My Birth painting reproduction, Frida Kahlo
Memory
Frida Kahlo
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Moses
Frida Kahlo
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My Birth
Frida Kahlo
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My Dress Hangs Here painting reproduction, Frida Kahlo
My Life, White and Black painting reproduction, Yves Tanguy
My Nurse and I painting reproduction, Frida Kahlo
My Dress Hangs Here
Frida Kahlo
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My Life, White and Black
Yves Tanguy
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My Nurse and I
Frida Kahlo
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Surrealism - Surrealist Paintings

Surrealism had its origins in Paris during the early 20th century, at the time the undisputed center of the art world and was at first a literary movement, although painting and other visual art forms soon followed. Although Surrealism as a defined movement wasn’t founded until the 1920s, elements and themes of Surrealism can be found in earlier paintings from different eras.

Although most people are familiar with some of the better known paintings, the movement was not just confined to painting – perhaps more than any other art movement, it lent itself to other mediums such as films, books and photography. Surrealism as a defined movement continued into the 1960s; today it is still popular and has produced some of the most striking images in art.

Surrealist paintings are characterized by incongruity, elements that just don’t belong together or are out of place, or are juxtaposed in an unnatural manner. Many surrealist paintings have dream like or nightmarish qualities and can be quite disturbing. On the other hand, some paintings are humorous and light in tone, or are visually clever or deliberately puzzling or ambiguous. Some feature clever optical illusions, in which an object can be seen as two different things.

If Surrealism has a beginning, it can said to have begun in 1924, when the French writer Andre Breton published his now famous Surrealist Manifesto, although the term Surrealism had been coined several years before by the poet Apollinaire. In keeping with the new way of thinking, the book emphasized the importance of spontaneous thought, as opposed to analytical reasoning. The first organized exhibition of Surrealist paintings was held in Paris in 1925 and some of the later exhibitions themselves became works of art – a 1938 exhibition featured dead leaves on the floor and bags of coal hanging from the ceiling.

The Surrealists also had their roots in Dadaism, an art movement which originated in Switzerland during World War I and attempted to be anti-art, by rejecting the established artistic standards of the time. Surrealism was not as obviously political in its themes and ideas as Dadaism. The Surrealist painters were also heavily influenced by the Austrian psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud, whose insights into the subconscious mind and work on dreams were considered significant.

Surrealism also developed in Brussels at about the same time and many Belgian artists came to Paris; the Paris group at one time included Ernst, Man Ray, Magritte, de Chirico, Miro and Giacometti. The Surrealist movement spread all over Europe and the UK as well as the United States; the first American exhibition being mounted in 1931. Some other influential artists of the time were perhaps wrongly labeled as being Surrealists, including Klee and Chagall.

The two most famous Surrealists were Rene Magritte and Salvador Dali. Just about everybody is familiar with Dali’s clever imagery; in particular his famous painting ‘The Persistence of Memory’ with its melting watches. Magritte’s work is almost as well known and is characterized by objects which are completely out of place – a rock floating in the air, a huge apple in the center of a room.

It is difficult to underestimate the importance and appeal of Surrealism. Along with Impressionism, it is one of the most popular and enduring art movements. Its ideas have influenced advertising, video and literature and have helped to influence the way that we think and feel.


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