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American Landscape

American Landscape Paintings

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A Basket of Clams painting reproduction, Winslow Homer
A Cloudy Day painting reproduction, Alfred Thompson Bricher
A Corner of the Artist's Room in Paris painting reproduction, Gwen John
A Basket of Clams
Winslow Homer
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A Cloudy Day
Alfred Thompson Bricher
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A Corner of the Artist's Room in Paris
Gwen John
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A Country Home painting reproduction, Frederic Edwin Church
A Fishergirl Baiting Lines painting reproduction, Winslow Homer
A Fresh Breeze painting reproduction, Winslow Homer
A Country Home
Frederic Edwin Church
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A Fishergirl Baiting Lines
Winslow Homer
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A Fresh Breeze
Winslow Homer
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A Huntsman and Dogs painting reproduction, Winslow Homer
A Light on the Sea painting reproduction, Winslow Homer
A Mountain of Loadstone painting reproduction, Thomas Moran
A Huntsman and Dogs
Winslow Homer
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A Light on the Sea
Winslow Homer
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A Mountain of Loadstone
Thomas Moran
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A River Landscape, Westphalia painting reproduction, Albert Bierstadt
A Rocky Coast painting reproduction, William Trost Richards
A Storm in the Rocky Mountains, Mt. Rosalie painting reproduction, Albert Bierstadt
A River Landscape, Westphalia
Albert Bierstadt
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A Rocky Coast
William Trost Richards
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A Storm in the Rocky Mountains, Mt. Rosalie
Albert Bierstadt
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A Summer Afternoon painting reproduction, Asher Brown Durand
A Summer Night painting reproduction, Winslow Homer
A Temperance Meeting (Noon Time) painting reproduction, Winslow Homer
A Summer Afternoon
Asher Brown Durand
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A Summer Night
Winslow Homer
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A Temperance Meeting (Noon Time)
Winslow Homer
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A View near Tivoli (Morning) painting reproduction, Thomas Cole
A View of the Mountain Pass painting reproduction, Thomas Cole
A View of the Two Lakes and Mountain House, Catskill Mountains painting reproduction, Thomas Cole
A View near Tivoli (Morning)
Thomas Cole
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A View of the Mountain Pass
Thomas Cole
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A View of the Two Lakes and Mountain House, Catskill Mountains
Thomas Cole
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A View of the Valley painting reproduction, Asher Brown Durand
A Visit from the Old Mistress painting reproduction, Winslow Homer
A Wild Stallion painting reproduction, Albert Bierstadt
A View of the Valley
Asher Brown Durand
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A Visit from the Old Mistress
Winslow Homer
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A Wild Stallion
Albert Bierstadt
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Abandoned Boat painting reproduction, Frederic Edwin Church
Amanecer en el tropico painting reproduction, Frederic Edwin Church
Ambush for Flamingoes painting reproduction, George Catlin
Abandoned Boat
Frederic Edwin Church
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Amanecer en el tropico
Frederic Edwin Church
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Ambush for Flamingoes
George Catlin
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Among the Sierra Nevada Mountains, California painting reproduction, Albert Bierstadt
An Afterglow painting reproduction, Winslow Homer
An Eclogue painting reproduction, Kenyon Cox
Among the Sierra Nevada Mountains, California
Albert Bierstadt
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An Afterglow
Winslow Homer
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An Eclogue
Kenyon Cox
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An Indian Paradise (Green River, Wyoming) painting reproduction, Thomas Moran
Apple Picking painting reproduction, Winslow Homer
Architect's Dream painting reproduction, Thomas Cole
An Indian Paradise (Green River, Wyoming)
Thomas Moran
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Apple Picking
Winslow Homer
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Architect's Dream
Thomas Cole
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American Landscape Paintings

Prior to 1825, the landscape as art was seen as nothing more than the background for the subject of the piece. With the exception of property owners commissioning artists to paint topographical illustrations of there farms and communities or landmarks, or for Europeans who had a keen interest in the developing New World, the landscape as muse was not a consideration.

It was American, Thomas Cole, who became one of the most prominent of the American Landscape movement when he established the Hudson River School in 1825. The group was so named for their paintings that depicted the Hudson River Valley and its surrounding areas including the Catskill, Adirondack and White Mountains.

Thomas Cole and fellow artist, Asher B. Durand, held the strong belief that the study and painting of nature and her wonderful offerings would lead the artist to enlightenment and to a true connection to the divine.

The beginning of the American Landscape era came at a time when the country was grasping for her identity, a time when she was establishing her independence from European influence and stretching her limbs towards progress and growth. As new country continued to be settled, the second generation of the Hudson River group would share this growth, expanding to include vast landscapes that went beyond the Hudson River area influence.

A student to Thomas Cole, Frederic Church had mastered his skill for landscape works at an early age. He was touted by Cole as having, " . . . the finest eye for drawing in the world."

In 1848, Church was the youngest painter ever to be elected to the National Academy of Design and was the first American artist to ever use his talent on location in South Africa.

The works of the American Landscape movement were often as vast in size as the stunning and rugged countryside they depicted. One such piece, produced by Frederic Church in 1846, "Hooker and Company Journeying Through the Wilderness From Plymouth to Hartford", measured over five feet in width. The piece does depict the early settlers on their quest, however they far from play a leading role in the painting. The towering trees, the grand rocky cliff and the river winding its way towards a vast, mountainous horizon are the main points of the work. While the portrayal of the settlers is an important component to the work, it is the power of the landscape that dominates the piece.

Artists such as these made the movement an integral part of not just art history, but America’s as well. These great painters produced work that convinced an era that nature could be viewed as so much more than just background and could stand alone as subject.

The power of the movement was strong and its influence spilled over into other styles of painting including expressionism and surrealism. The great American Landscape artists did so much more than bring nature to the forefront; they actually helped to shape a new and developing country’s identity.


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